There are many confusions or questions people want to clear about flu. They are curious to know about its causes, symptoms and treatment. In this article, I am going to explain these things to you in a very easy and precise manner. Influenza commonly known as flu is a viral disease which targets your respiratory system, nose, throat and lungs. In the most cases, people recover on its own but sometimes flu can be dangerous and can cause serious health problems.
Following people are at the risk of developing complications
- Adults more than 65 years
- Kids less than 2 years
- People who have a weak immune system
- Pregnant women and women during first two weeks of postpartum
- Patients with chronic diseases such as heart disease, asthma, diabetes and kidney disease
- Obese people with body mass index more than 40
Common symptoms of the flu are:
- Fever more than 100.4 F
- Aching of muscles particularly arms, legs, and back muscles.
- Dry cough
- Pain in throat
- Nasal congestion
- Weakness and fatigue
Flu symptoms in kids are almost similar to flu symptoms in adults. You will notice decreased appetite, difficulties in breathing, vomiting, nausea in your kids. As toddlers are not able to tell about their pain and symptoms so usually they cry and stop interacting like playing, smiling.
When someone infected with flu talks, coughs or sneezes then flu viruses enter into the air and start traveling through the air. You can inhale the flu germs directly or you can get those viruses from a different object such as keyboard or telephone and then transfer these germs in your mouth, nose, and eyes.
How long does the flu last?
Most of the people recover within 5 days after appearing the symptoms of flu. But in some cases, it can take 10 days and it is quite normal. People with a weak immune system can take more time than 10 days to completely recover from flu.
Influenza viruses keep updating themselves that’s a little problem. If you had influenza six months before and you used antibiotics to cure influenza, then next time same type of influenza will not hit you in the same way as it did in the past. These antibiotics can reduce the severity of the previously encountered type of flu but it will not help you to combat the advance or a new subtype of flu.
Most of the people don’t visit the doctor and they treat themselves at home when flu hits them. If you have symptoms of flu and are at risk of complications, then you must your doctor. Try to take antibiotics drugs within 48 hours of symptoms to reduce the severity of flu.
If you don’t want to visit a doctor, then you can treat yourself at home by using flu remedies. Chicken soup, ginger, garlic, and honey are the best home remedies to cure influenza. Warm baths and intake of vitamin C helps you to feel better and reduces body aches and fatigue. Many medical experts suggest taking annual vaccination to save yourself from the flu.
Flu Vs Cold
No doubt flu and cold share a lot of common symptoms so it is really hard to differentiate between them. But the fact is that cold and flu are caused by two different types of viruses. Flu is more intense and common so it is worse than cold. Colds generally cannot turn into serious health problems such as pneumonia and bacterial infections. Symptoms of flu are shown abruptly while cold symptoms appear gradually.
When is Flu Season?
Many people ask when is flu season. It varies from area to area but influenza is more common in areas of the world with the long winter season. Flu is more common during the winter and the fall seasons.