Once anybody suffer from PCOS, the very first question is “Does PCOS Go Away?” Of course Yes ! Let’s get this in detail.
Polycystic ovary syndrome commonly known as PCOS is a medical condition that changes hormone levels of women. Women suffering from PCOS have higher production of male hormones called androgen as compared to normal level. Due to this hormonal imbalance, their menstrual cycle gets disturbed i.e. either they will have really heavy periods or very few periods. PCOS makes difficult for them to conceive.
PCOS also results in abnormal hair growth on the face and other parts of the body, and also baldness in some ladies. PCOS can cause major health issues if not treated well like heart attacks and diabetes.
Scroll down to know about the causes and symptoms of PCOS.
What is PCOS?
PCOS is a hormonal problem that women face during their childbearing years from the age of 15 years to 44. In this age group, 26.7 percent (maximum) women suffer from PCOS.
Many ladies have developed PCOS but they are unaware of this fact. According to research, more than 70 percent of women with PCOS were not diagnosed.
PCOS basically targets or damages women’s reproductive system such as ovaries and other organs responsible for producing estrogen and progesterone. These hormones play a major role in the regulation of the menstrual cycle. Ovaries are also responsible for producing male hormones called androgens but in less amount.
Does PCOS affect fertility?
Ovaries release an egg every month for the fertilization and the process is known as ovulation. PCOS basically affects ovaries and ovulation and results in
- Multiple cysts in ovaries that’s why known as polycystic
- Excessive male hormones
- Irregular Periods
Multiple small sacs filled with fluid grow inside the ovaries. Every sac is a follicle means it contains an immature egg. These eggs never get mature so that they may trigger ovulation. Due to the lack of ovulation, levels of FSH, LH, estrogen, progesterone are altered. The levels of estrogen and progesterone get lowered than the normal range while androgen levels raise than a normal range. Excessive male hormones disturb the menstrual cycles so patients of PCOS have irregular or fewer periods than usual.
Another question is that, Does PCOS run in families?
Get the answer here.
Unfortunately, medical science is unable to find the exact causes of PCOS. According to them, higher levels of androgens disturb the usual functioning of ovaries that is the production of hormones and making eggs. Some of the causes associated with PCOS are as follows:
- Family History:
According to researchers, PCOS runs in families. It is a genetic disease but scientists are unable to find the exact gene and believe that many genes contribute to the PCOS. If in your family, your mother or your sister have PCOS then 50 percent chances are that you may have PCOS as well. Families who have Type 2 diabetes also have chances of PCOS. So not a single gene is responsible for causing PCOS and it is complex because of the involvement of multiple genes.
- Insulin resistance
More than 70 percent of PCOS patients also have the issue of insulin resistance, it means their body is not able to utilize insulin in an effective way. Insulin is a very important hormone of the body produced by the pancreas and responsible for using sugar from different foods to provide energy to the body.
When cells are unable to use insulin in an effective way, body (pancreas) produces more insulin to cope up the needs of the body. The excessive amount of insulin forces ovaries to produce excessive male hormones. Being Overweight is also a major factor of insulin resistance. Insulin resistance and obesity can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Women with PCOS can have the issue of insulin resistance due to the following factors:
- Genetic factors
- Overweight due to imbalanced diet and physical inactivity
- Due to both above-mentioned factors
Patients of PCOS have an issue of increased inflammation levels. Obesity can be a reason of inflammation too. Excessive inflammation is related to higher levels of androgen.
Ladies who are not able to maintain a healthy weight have a worst insulin resistance and PCOS. In some cases, PCOS causes women to gain weight and they feel really difficult to lose their weight. Some of the PCOS patients shared that when they maintain a healthy weight they don’t have PCOS symptoms such as hirsutism or irregular periods. When they gain weight again so symptoms hit back. If you want to treat PCOS, managing healthy weight is really necessary.
- Difficulty to conceive or Infertility
- Irregular periods and no periods at all
- Hirsutism: Excessive growth of hair on the face and other parts of the body such as
- Thinning hair or hair loss
You should consult your doctor if you see any symptoms of PCOS in yourself.
Unfortunately, the medical field is unable to find PCOS cure yet. PCOS is an incurable but a manageable disease. It means you cannot get rid of PCOS but you can manage it and reduce its symptoms. Let’s see how you can manage your PCOS by making changes in your diet and lifestyle.
- Lifestyle Changes:
One of the major causes of PCOS is poor diet and unhealthy lifestyle which leads to weight gain as well. If you are obese and suffering from PCOS at the same time, then you need to make changes in your lifestyle and diet.
Firstly, you will have to shed some pounds through a moderate exercise and a balanced diet. If you reduce 5 to percent weight of your body, then PCOS signs like irregular menstrual cycle will improve. Losing weight will also lower cholesterol and insulin levels and consequently reduce risks of heart diseases and diabetes.
Any food or diet which has the potential to reduce your weight is good for PCOS as well but of course, some diets are more beneficial than others. Low carb diets are considered more effective for weight loss and PCOS. Low-GI diet also helps you to regulate your menstrual cycle in a better way than any other weight loss diets out there.
Any diet that is good for weight loss is ultimately good for your PCOS. However, some diets may have advantages over others.
Moderate exercises five days a week can help you to lose weight. Shedding some pounds through exercise improves ovulation and insulin levels.
For excellent results, combine exercise with a healthy diet. A combination of both healthy diet and moderate exercise will help you to lose weight faster.
Take a proper sleep of at least 8 hours a day. Avoid or manage stress as well because stress plays a very vital role in hormone imbalance as well.
- Medical Treatments:
Depending upon your condition, it is quite possible that your doctor may suggest different medical treatments as well along with a healthy lifestyle. Some of the medical treatments include
- Birth Control Pills: Daily intake of progesterone and estrogen balances hormones and reduces PCOS signs such as hair growth.
- Metformin: Metformin which includes Glucophage and Fortamet is used to cure Type 2 diabetes. It regulates insulin levels and improves menstrual levels of PCOS patients.
- Clomiphene: Clomiphene is used to treat infertility issues of PCOS patients. It helps them to conceive but increases the risks of twins or multiple births.
- Hair Removal Medicines: Eflornithine (Vaniqa) cream slows the hair growth. Many other treatments such as laser hair removal and electrolysis are used to get rid of unwanted facial and body hair.
- Surgery: Surgery is opted to cure infertility if other treatments don’t work. For example, ovarian drilling is used to restore normal ovulation.
If you have skipped menstrual cycles or not getting pregnant after one year then consult your doctor. Get tested for PCOS. Medicines are an option if your lifestyle changes don’t reflect significant improvement.